Tweet. We need your help! About 6 days later the Persians move to attack and battle is joined, the … Preparation. The Athenians, joined by a small force from Plataea, marched to Marathon, and blocked the two exits from the plain of Marathon. Why were the Persians angry at the Athenians? The Battle of Marathon was fought between the Athenians and the Persians in 490 BC. [b] They routed the Persian wings before turning in on the centre of the Persian line. Second Invasion of Greece Ten years later, in 480 BC, the son of Darius I, King Xerxes, decided to get his revenge on the Greeks. Despite the numerical advantage of the Persians, the Greek hoplites proved very effective against the more lightly armed Persian infantry. The hoplites' ash spears, rather than shivering...could instead stab and stab again, and those of the enemy who avoided their fearful jabbing might easily be crushed to death beneath the sheer weight of the advancing men of bronze."194â197. Burton Holmes's photograph entitled "1896: Three athletes in training for the marathon at the Olympic Games in Athens". However, in 486 BC, his Egyptian subjects revolted, postponing any Greek expedition. Then, for reasons that are not clear, the Athenians decided to attack the Persians. Behind them lay everything they held dear: their city, their homes, their families. Strategy´s or tactics each side employed during the battle (continued) The cause of the Battle Of Marathon The commanders for each side of the battle and how many troops they had The greek haplites charged persian line at a dead run. Decisive Greek victory. FREE The eventual Greek triumph in these wars began at Marathon. Created: Oct 22, 2011. The Battle of Marathon was a major battle in the first war between the Greek city-states and the Persian Empire. The Persian invasion was a response to Greek involvement in the Ionian Revolt. Teaching the Battle of Marathon at KS2- don’t miss this.
Philipp August Böckh in 1855 concluded that the battle took place on September 12, 490 BC in the Julian calendar, and this is the conventionally accepted date. On the morning of September 17, 490 bc, some 10,000 Greeks stood assembled on the plain of Marathon, preparing to fight to the last man. The broad field, called the plain of Marathon, was flat, level and ideal for battle. The assembly votes to send the army to Marathon to face the enemy in open battle. After a successful campaign in the Aegean, the Persians defeated, captured and burnt Eretria. On a summer's morning in 490BC, two armies faced each other across the plain of Marathon, 26 miles from Athens. Battle of Marathon Details In either August or September of 490 BC the Persian King sent his navy to attack Athens. Passing through the hail of arrows, protected for the most part by their armour, the Greek line finally collided with the enemy army. ancient greece battle of marathon greece the battle of marathon ancient greeks marathon sparta greek gods How does this resource excite and engage children's learning? Date of the Battle