Country Bulgaria Egypt: Facuty of Agriculture, Mansoura University; p 157, Kesba HH, El-Beltagi HS (2012) Biochemical changes in grape rootstocks resulted from humic acid treatments in relation to nematode infection. Northern Mariana Islands Russia Slovakia Cambodia 2014). South Africa Liechtenstein J Plant Pathol Microbiol 5:236. https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7471.1000236, CAS  The organism does not have alkaline proteases; which allo… HPP is currently used for a wide range of food products to reduce the numbers of pathogenic or spoilage‐causing vegetative cells (Farr 1990; San Martín and others 2002). J Herbs Spices Med Plants 13(3):123–150, Mostafa FAM, Khalil AE, Nour El Deen AH, Ibrahim DS (2014) Induction of systemic resistance in sugar-beet against root-knot nematode with commercial products. Bahrain Sao Tome and Principe The impact to human and animal health, and to the economy in agriculture and commerce, is significant since this mold produces the most potent known natural toxins, aflatoxins, which are carcinogenic, mutagenic, immunosuppressive, and teratogenic. The dietary supplementation of Bacillus spp. 1. INVE Aquaculture Health BACILLUS AS AQUACULTURE PROBIOTICS: POTENTIAL AND LIMITATIONS O. Decamp INVE TECHNOLOGIES nv, Belgium. United States Minor Outlying Islands As fertilizer additive, use 1-2kg per ton fertilizer; 2. of species of the genus Bacillus, including B. licheniformis, B. subtilis, B. megaterium, and B. pumilus, were able to produce a lecithinase. Finland Marshall Islands Somalia Portugal Trends Plant Sci 9:534–540, Radwan SM (1983) Effect of inoculation with phosphate dissolving bacteria on some nutrients uptake from newly cultivated soil, M.Sc Thesis. Morocco Herein, sweet basil callus (53.5%) and dried leaf powder (48.2%) exhibited the least reduction in nematodes’ population. It can thicken the cell walls, fibrosis, and lignification of the relevant tissues of the plant and form a horny double silicon layer outside the epidermal layer to form a barrier to prevent the invasion of pathogens. Moreover, the importance of using natural resources instead of synthetic antioxidants has risen globally. Google Scholar, Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1984) Statistical procedures for agriculture research, 2nd edn. Nematode population densities within 250 g soil and number of females (1 g /root) were significantly suppressed with single and concomitant applications by a reduction percentage in final nematode population ranged from 48.2 to 95.7% (Table 2). United States Google Scholar, Coseteng MY, Lee CY (1987) Change in apple polyphenol oxidase and polyphenol concentrations in relation to degree of browning. J Plant Protect Res 51(2):107–113, Gao LP, Wei HL, Zhao HS, Xiao SY, Zheng RL (2005) Antiapoptotic and antioxidant effects of rosmarinic acid in astrocytes. Egypt J Agronematol 10(2):242–254, Osman HA, El-Gindi AY, Taha HS, El-Kazzaz AA, Youssef MMA, Ameen HH, Lashein AM (2008) Biological control of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita: 2- evaluation of the nematicidal effects of Tagetes erecta tissue culture under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Saint Helena It has a good effect of degrading organic phosphorus in soil. Spores of Bacillus bacteria are regularly consumed by animals and humans inadvertently through their foods and drinks and in some fermented foods. Micronesia Sweet basil, O. basilicum, is a herbaceous species rich in aromatic essential oils and is valuable that has shown to have antagonist properties against root-knot nematodes (Archana and Saxena 2012). Monaco Additionally, total plant fresh weight as well as shoot dry weight were obviously ameliorated by the application of NS + HS + BA + DSBC + O followed by NS + HS in concomitant with BA. Maldives Bermuda D.J.W. Namibia The rhizobacteria that belong to Bacillus viz. After being applied to the soil, it quickly multiplies to become the predominant bacteria, controlling the nutrition and other resources in the rhizosphere, causing the pathogenic bacteria to lose their living space and conditions to a considerable extent. Egypt J Phytopathol 36(1–2):33–44, Padgham JL, Sikora RA (2007) Biological control potential and modes of action of Bacillus megaterium against Meloidogyne graminicola on rice. Arch Phytopathol Plant Protect 43:26–40, Ibrahim DS (2013) Induction of resistance to root-knot nematodes in sugar-beet plants, Ph D Thesis. Biometrics 11:1–42, Article  Similar trend was also noticed in root diameter and number of leaves of sugar beet infected with Meloidogyne spp. Greece A micro-plot field experiment was conducted in loamy soil naturally infested with Meloidogyne spp. Tech Bull No.2 Min Agric. statement and Hungary Amako A, Ghen GX, Asala K (1994) Separate assays specific for the ascorpate peroxides and guaiacol peroxidase and for the chloroplastic and cytosolic isozyme of ascorbate peroxidase in plants. Faroe Islands In vitro propagation was carried out in biotechnology laboratory at Nematological Research Unit (NERU), Agricultural Zoology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Egypt, to produce sterilized multiple shoots, the main source of callus (Murashige and Skoog 1962). It is supposed to act as a preformed constitutively accumulated defense compound (Gao et al. J Nematol 15(1):142–143, PubMed  French Southern Territories Application of bio-arc (B. megaterium), nemastrol (a mixture of active ingredients), humisun (humic acid), dried sweet basil callus, and oxamyl singly or concomitantly in soil naturally infested with Meloidogyne spp. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) indicated the presence of higher content of triterpenoides that belong to three groups, i.e., lupane, ursane, and oleanane, in dried sweet basil callus compared to native dried leaves powder. Google Scholar, Duncan DB (1955) Multiple range and multiple, F-test. Brunei Padgham and Sikora (2007) reported that B. megaterium caused a repellence of Meloidogyne graminicola from rice roots. Less branched roots were noticed with the introduction of sweet basil callus, sweet basil dried leaf powder, and oxamyl. Canada Guadeloupe All tested materials showed antagonistic potential against Meloidogyne spp. Jamaica By converting ineffective phosphorus into effective phosphorus, the absorption rate of phosphorus in the soil is effectively improved. These findings supported the reports that humic acid at 0.04% not only offers significant nematode control but also improves growth of banana infected with M. incognita (Seenivasan and Senthilnathan 2017). Nicaragua Trinidad and Tobago Data dealing with number of leaves, fresh shoot and root weight, dry shoot weight, shoot and root length, and root diameter were recorded. The authors would like to thank to Dr. Hadeer Y. Darwish, Plant Res. On the other hand, untreated sugar beet plants showed a decrease in size of storage roots and malformation appearance (forked roots) with percentage value amounted to 26.7 (Table 2). revealed that integrated of two or more components gave better results in sugar beet growth parameters than did single ones (Table 1). It also stimulates the plants to activate their natural resistance, which can act to control foliar pathogens. Dora Agri-tech concentrated on improving soil conditions, controlling plant diseases & increasing plant yields and quality. Angola It is a common strain used in biological organic fertilizers. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control Several studies demonstrated that callus cultures of sweet basil accumulate various phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity (Makri and Kintzios 2008). The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Croatia Honduras Greenland 2014). Cayman Islands Tanzania Venezuela In current investigation, the activities of PO and PPO were evaluated at the end of the experiment and showed detectable fluctuations among all treatments. Laos Institute, Giza, Egypt, for her guidance in the preparation and propagation of sweet basil callus. Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) offer an environment-friendly and efficient alternative to chemical pesticides and fertilizers. It has a good effect of degrading organic phosphorus in soil. Urea as nitrogen fertilizer (30 kg) and potassium sulfate (10 kg) were introduced 1 month after planting. Costa Rica A toolbox for recombinant protein production, secretion, and purification has been developed that is based on various vectors with different origins of replication, selection markers, promoters, affinity tag sequences, and sequences for a signal peptide. Norfolk Island Syria Negma (three to four seeds/hill). Malaysia Plant Cell Physiol 53:497–507, Archana B, Saxena R (2012) Nematicidal effect of root extract of certain medicinal plants in control of J2 of Meloidogyne incognita in vitro and in vivo conditions. Iran 2006), but little attention has been given to their use in nematode management (Rocha et al. Saint Martin PubMed  (2016) reported that the Bacillus species, B. megaterium, B. cereus, and B. subtilis, produced cytokinins. The greatest reduction in nematode population was sustained by the application of NS + HS + BA + DSBC + O (95.7%). Serbia South Sudan Italy Uganda It can form spores. Bacillus megaterium, on the other hand, naturally produces PHB []. High-temperature resistance, long-term storage without inactivation. Ireland This species is good cloning host because it is able to house numerous plasmid vectors while remaining stable due to its unique external proteases. PubMed Google Scholar. Ethiopia 2005). Hence, nemastrol and humisun in concomitant with bio-arc, sweet basil callus, and oxamyl (half recommended dose) induced significant (P ≤ 0.05) and maximum improvement in total plant fresh weight and shoot dry weight. Kong Q(1), Chi C, Yu J, … Also humic acid treatments improved the yield of grape infected with M. incognita by increasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes (Kesba and El-Beltagi 2012). Sincere thanks are also given to Dr. Fatma Abdel Rahman, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Egypt, for the evaluation of rosmarinic acids and terpenoids in dried leaf callus of sweet basil using the thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Madagascar Japan's largest platform for academic e-journals: J-STAGE is a full text database for reviewed academic papers published by Japanese societies Negma. It is used in agriculture, aquaculture, and hydroponics to fight root pathogens such as Ralstonia solanacearum, Pythium, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria tenuissima and Fusarium as well improve root tolerance to salt stress. by themselves, and play a role with digestive enzymes inside animals in the digestive tract. B. cereus, B. megaterium, B. subtilis and B. stearothermophilus are available commercially ( Chakraborty et al., 2000 ; Das et al., 2004 ; Schallmey et al., 2004 ). Central African Republic Article  (1994) and Coseteng and Lee (1987), respectively. However, both enzymes showed less activities in the treatment of NS + HS + BA + DSBC +O than in the untreated plants. Lebanon Inorganic fertilizers, i.e., super phosphate15% (10 kg), was broadcasted, incorporated into the top of soil, and irrigated before planting. Macao About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features A field experiment, an area of 140 m2, with a randomized complete block design (RCBD) and replicated three times was practiced. Pharmazie 60(1):62–65, PubMed  Mauritius PubMed  Plots were then planted with seeds of sugar beet var. Pak J Nematol 30(2):179–187, Bybd DW, Kirapatrick T, Barker KR (1983) An improved technique for clearing and staining plant tissues for detection of nematodes. 2017). Grenada Heard Island and McDonald Islands Saudi Arabia Uzbekistan The presence of rosmarinic acid and terpenoids in methanolic extract of dried callus and powdered leaves of sweet basil was evaluated, using thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) (Kintzios et al. Malta B. megaterium plays an important role in dissolving the unavailable phosphorus compounds in soil rendering them available for growing crops (Radwan 1983). 2004; Osman et al. Tunisia Slovenia Niger Jersey England: Fish Ed London; p 47, Govindappa M, Lokesh S, Ravishankar VR, Rudranaik V, Raju SC (2010) Induction of systemic resistance and management of safflower Macrophomina phaseolina root rot disease by biocontrol agents. 2007). PubMed Central  U.S. Virgin Islands Increased activity of defense-related enzymes, i.e., peroxidase (PO) or polyphenol oxidase (PPO), has been elicited by bio-control agent strains in different plants (Govindappa et al. Samoa Chad Nigeria It can be used as a root treatment, and foliar treatment and as a biological seed treatment. Egypt: Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University; p 152, Nour El-Deen AH, Darwish HY (2011) Nematicidal activity of certain Egyptian weeds and bald cypress callus extracts against Meloidogyne incognita infecting eggplant under greenhouse conditions. Dominica Guyana For example, Bacillus subtilis increase the formation of auxin (IAA, IBA), stimulates crop roots development, and enhances photosynthesis. Switzerland New Caledonia Bacillus megaterium Vacuolate / foamy cells. Myanmar Eritrea Afghanistan Guernsey Mozambique B. subtilis, B. megaterium, and B. pumilus have shown nematicidal activity against M. incognita as well as enhanced the growth parameters of sugar beet (Youssef et al. , belongs to the genus Bacillus product may leave a review effects and introduced to pharmacological research (! Inducers singly or concomitantly on Meloidogyne spp ( PGPRs ) offer an environment-friendly and efficient alternative to chemical and. Urea as nitrogen fertilizer ( 30 kg ) were introduced, Egypt against Meloidogyne spp did dried leaves.. Are among plant parts that have been demonstrated to have nematicidal activity against parasitic... One week after urea fertilization, all treatments were introduced then planted with seeds of beet... And Cookies policy the treatment of NS + HS + BA + DSBC +O than dried... ( Rateb et al content in rosmarinic acid than in dried leaves in terms of fecundity! 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